干货!最全sci论文句型模板:比力、对比和举例的表述

发布时间:2021-08-13 00:34 阅读次数:
本文摘要:学术论文中往往需要将自己的事情与前人的事情举行对比。现将学术论文中表达比力、对比和举例的句型汇总。先来看看对比和比力。 主要有以下几种类型。一、比力和对比的表述句型大汇总1.先容异同X is different from Y in a number of respects.X在许多方面都与Y差别。X differs from Y in a number of important ways.X与Y在许多重要方面差别。

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学术论文中往往需要将自己的事情与前人的事情举行对比。现将学术论文中表达比力、对比和举例的句型汇总。先来看看对比和比力。

主要有以下几种类型。一、比力和对比的表述句型大汇总1.先容异同X is different from Y in a number of respects.X在许多方面都与Y差别。X differs from Y in a number of important ways.X与Y在许多重要方面差别。There are a number of important differences between X and Y.X和Y之间存在许多重要差异。

Areas where significant differences have been found include X and Y.已发现显着差异的区域包罗X和Y。In contrast to earlier findings, however, no evidence of X was detected.可是,与早期发现相反,没有发现X的证据。A descriptive case study differs from an exploratory study in that it uses …形貌性案例研究与探索性研究的差别之处在于,它使用了……Jones (2013) found dramatic differences in the rate of decline of X between Y and Z.琼斯(2013)发现,Y和Z之间X下降的速率有显着差异。

Women and men differ not only in physical attributes but also inthe way in which they …男女不仅在身体属性上而且在方式上也有所差别…The nervous systems of Xs are significantly different from those of Ys in several key respects.Xs的神经系统在几个关键方面与Ys的神经系统显着差别。(来来来,搞点运动)Smith(2003)foundobservedmajornotabledistinctonly slightsignificantconsiderabledifferences between X and Y.2.先容相似性Both X and Y share a number of key features.X和Y都具有许多关键功效。There are a number of similarities between X and Y.X和Y之间有许多相似之处。

The effects of X on human health are similar to those of Y.对人类康健的影响与Y 相似。Both X and Y generally take place in a ‘safe environment’.X和Y通常都在“宁静的情况”中发生。These results are similar to those reported by (Smith et al. 1999).这些效果与(Smith等,1999)报道的效果相似。

This definition is similar to that found in (Smith, 2001) who writes:这个界说类似于在(Smith,2001)中发现的界说:The return rate is similar to that of comparable studies (e.g. Smith et al. 1999).回报率类似于可比研究的回报率(例如Smith等,1999)。The approach used in this investigation is similar to that used by other researchers.本研究中使用的方法与其他研究人员使用的方法相似。Studies have compared Xs in humans and animals and found that they are essentially identical.研究比力了人类和动物中的X,发现它们本质上是相同的。(来说说这两父子的异同)The mode of processing used by the right brainis similar to thatis comparable to thatis comparable in complexity to thatused by the left brain.3.一句话内比力Oral societies tend to be more concerned with the presentwhereas whileliterate societies have a very definite awareness of the past. Whereas Whileoral societies tend to be more concerned with the present,literate societies have a very definite awareness of the past. This interpretationdiffers from thatcontrasts with thatis different from thatof Smith and Jones (2004) who argue that …. In contrast to oral communities,it is very difficult to get away from calendar time in literate societies.Compared with people in oral cultures,people in literate cultures organise their lives around clocks and calendars.4.一句话内比力:比力形式In the trial, women made more/fewer errors than men.在审判中,女性比男性犯更多/更少的错误。

Women tend to have greater/less verbal fluency than men.女人的口语流利性往往比男子大/少。Women are more/less likely than men to perform well in tests.女人比男子更有可能在测试中体现良好。Women are more/less accurate in tests of target-directed motor skills.妇女在针对目的的运动技术测试中或多或少准确。

Women tend to perform better/worse than men on tests of perceptual speed.在感知速度测试中,女性往往比男性体现更好/更差。Women are faster/slower than men at certain precision manual tasks, such as …在某些细密的手动任务上,女性比男性快/慢一些,例如……Women are more/less likely to suffer from X when the front part of the brain is damaged.比男性快/慢一些,例如…… 当大脑前部受损时,女性患X的可能性更大/更少。The part of the brain connecting the two hemispheres may be more/less extensive in women.女性的毗连两个半球的大脑部门可能更多/更少。

5.两句之间的差异性It is very difficult to get away from calendar time in literate societies.By contrast,In contrast,On the other hand,many people in oral communities have little idea of the calendar year of their birth.6.两句之间的相似性Young children learning their first language need simplified input.Similarly,Likewise,In the same way,low level adult L2 learners need graded input supplied in most cases by a teacher. 二、论文举例的句型汇总SCI论文中举例一般有三种情况。举例作为句子中的主要信息A/Anwell-knownnotableclassicusefulimportantexample of X is …..For example, the word ‘doctor’ used to mean a ‘learned man’.例如,“医生”一词曾经表现“博学的人”。For example, Smith and Jones (2004) conducted a series of semi-structured interviews in …例如,史女士(Smith)和琼斯(Jones)(2004)在……中举行了一系列半结构化访谈。Young people begin smoking for a variety of reasons. They may, for example, be influenced by ….年轻人出于种种原因开始吸烟。

例如,它们可能受到…的影响。This is exemplified in the work undertaken by …这在……的事情中获得了证明Another example of what is meant by X is …X的另一个例子是……This distinction is further exemplified in studies using …在使用……的研究中,这一区别获得了进一步的例证。

An example of this is the study carried out by Smith (2004) in which …一个例子是Smith(2004)举行的研究,其中……X的有效性The effectiveness of the X technique has been exemplified in a report by Smith et al. (2010)Smith 等人在一份陈诉中举例说明晰这种技术。(2010年)This is evident in the case of …这是在的情况下,很显着......This is certainly true in the case of …这是千真万确的......的情况下,The evidence of X can be clearly seen in the case of …X的证据可以清楚地看到在......的情况下,In a similar case in America, Smith (1992) identified …在美国,史女士一个类似的案件(1992年)确定的......This can be seen in the case of the two London physics laboratories which …这可的情况下看到伦敦两个物理实验室中的……X is a good illustration of …X是…的很好例证X illustrates this point clearly.X清楚地说明晰这一点。This can be illustrated briefly by…可以用…来简朴地说明这一点……By way of illustration, Smith (2003) shows how the data for …通过说明,Smith(2003)展示了…的数据如何。

These experiments illustrate that X and Y have distinct functions in …这些实验说明X和Y在…中具有差别的功效。(看累了吧,坐一把摇摇车)2.作为增补信息的例子Young people begin smoking for a variety of reasons, such as pressure from peers or …年轻人出于种种原因开始吸烟,例如来自同龄人的压力或……The prices of resources, such as copper, iron ore, and aluminium, have declined over …诸如铜,铁矿石和铝等资源的价钱下降了…… Pavlov found that if a stimulus, for example the ringing of a bell, preceded the food, the …帕夫洛夫发现,如果接纳刺激措施,例如敲响钟声,在进餐之前…… Many diseases can result at least in part from stress, including: arthritis, asthma, and migraine. 许多疾病至少可以部门由压力引起,包罗:枢纽炎,哮喘和偏头痛。

Gassendi kept in close contact with many other scholars, such as Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, and … 伽桑狄保持与其他许多学者近距离接触,如开普勒,伽利略,笛卡尔,和...3.案例作为支持This case has shown that …该案例讲明…This has been seen in the case of …在……案例中可见一斑…The case reported here illustrates the …此处报道的案例说明…Overall, these cases support the view that …总体而言,这些案例支持以下看法:…This case study confirms the importance of …本案例研究证实了…的重要性…The evidence presented thus far supports the idea that …迄今为止提供的证据支持…This case demonstrates the need for better strategies for …这一看法。情况讲明,需要更好的计谋......As this case very clearly demonstrates, it is important that …由于这种情况很是清楚地讲明,这是很重要的......This case reveals the need for further investigation in patients with …这起案件展现了患者...进一步伐查的须要性This case demonstrates how X used innovative marketing strategies in …这一案例证明晰X如何用创新的营销计谋中......Recent cases reported by Smith et al. (2013) also support the hypothesis that …报道史女士最近情况等人。(2013年)也支持以下假设:In support of X, Y has been shown to induce Y in several cases (Smith et al., 2001).在某些情况下,Y被证明可以诱导Y(支持X)(史女士等人,2001)。

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(楼梯也能玩出滑梯的质感)。


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